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Term: | Thawing index | Class: |
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Created 6 June 2017Last modified 6 June 2017Contributed by GCW GlossaryPermalink:n2t.net/ark:/99152/h3604 | |

Definition: | As used by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the number of Fahrenheit degree- days (above and below 32F) between the lowest and highest points on the cumulative degree- days time curve for one thawing season. The thawing index determined from air temperatures at 4.5 ft above the ground is commonly designated the air thawing index, while that determined from temperatures immediately below a surface is called the surface thawing index. AMSglossary
The cumulative number of degree-days above 0 degrees Celsius for a given time period. NSIDCCryosphere The cumulative number of degree-days above 0˚C for a given time period IPAPermafrost The cumulative number of degree-days above 0C for a given time period. Four main types of air thawing indices have been used: _ Approximate Thawing Index - calculated from the mean monthly air temperatures for a specific station without making corrections for negative degree-days (T < 0C) in spring and fall (Boyd, 1973, 1979); I_af = SUM (NT) where N = number of days per month for months with a mean monthly temperature above 0C during one complete year. T = mean monthly temperature. _ Total annual Thawing Index - calculated by adding all the positive mean daily temperatures (C) for a specific station during a calendar year (Harris, 1981); I_af = SUM (T) where T = mean daily air temperatures (C) above 0C for one complete calendar year. _ Seasonal Thawing Index - calculated as the arithmetic sum of all the positive and negative mean daily air temperatures (C) for a specific station during the time period between the lowest point in the spring and the highest point the next fall on the cumulative degree-day time curve (Huschke, 1959); I_af = SUM (T) where T = mean daily air temperatures (C) during the time period between the lowest temperature in the Spring and the highest temperature in the Fall. _ Design Thawing Index - calculated by taking the average of the seasonal thawing indices for the three warmest summers in the most recent 30 years of record. If data for 30 years are not available, then the index is based on the warmest summer in the latest 10-year period of record (U.S. Army/Air Force, 1966). TrombottoGeocryology GCW | ||||

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